As both the terms are necessary elements of the QA testing process, at the same time, they aren’t interchangeable. Why aren’t test plans and test strategy interchangeable? What is the difference between a test plan and a test strategy? When is it the right time to use a plan, and when should you prefer a strategy? In short, a test strategy sets the general standard for QA testing activities, while a test plan defines specific details of QA responsibilities and processes.
What is Test Strategy?
Test strategy is a strategy adopted by various organizations for software testing. It is just like a document outlining the overall approach the organization should follow. It would be defining high-level guidelines which decide all decision-making matters related to testing and QA.
Test Strategy Application
A well-organized strategy helps an organization minimize the efforts and cost. If an organization is steadfast with a strategy, it will be able to answer the following questions:
- How do they provide quick feedback on quality to developers?
- How do they maintain a balance between different types of tests, including manual vs. automated?
- How often do they execute tests?
- How are they confident that they are succeeding in their quality objectives?
What is a Test Plan?
A test plan in QA software testing is referred to as a document that outlines the scope, objectives, methods, and weight of the entire testing plan. It works to amplify productivity, precisely where the time is strained. Test plans empower communication between team members, stakeholders, and all other members on the board.
Importance of Test Plan
You can say that the test strategy is your “north star,” which only provides high-level guidance regarding your software testing activities. The test strategy will not tell you about certain aspects of testing the application. Thus, the test strategy is only high-level and general, while the test plan tells all the members how and where to start. Moreover, your test plan can compromise one or more test suites as well as several test cases.
How do Test Strategy and Test Plan Differ?
The significant difference between the two terms is defined based on a whole organization, where test strategy serves as the foundation upon which specific test plans are created. So, a test strategy won’t change much frequently as the test plan alters. Test plan changes from release to release often for multiple reasons. However, it resides at the organization level; all the projects being carried out in the organization are affected by test strategy. At the same time, the test plans are usually concerned with a specific task according to the testing needs of each application.
A Test Strategy answers the “What” Questions of Software Testing Process
While A Test Plan answers the “How” Questions of the Software Testing Process