With the continuous development of technology automated testing is heavily being recommended for software testing. But that doesn’t say that manual testing is out of the door. Manual testing has its pros and cons along with specific test cases that may only need manual testing QA experts. Minus the use of tools or automation scripts, manual testing is a testing procedure that is carried out manually to detect problems. To have comprehensive test coverage, a test plan document is created that serves as a guide to the testing process. Thus, let’s talk about manual testing, its concepts, types, and tools in today’s blog to ensure that our readers know it inside out. 

Manual Testing Concepts

Manual testing is a kind of software testing in which test cases are substantially run by a tester as a substitute for using automated types of machinery. The goal stripe of manual testing is to catch bugs, accountabilities, and faults in a software invention. Manual software testing is the maximum staple of all testing approaches, and it supports the detection of thoughtful problems in software products or applications. Manual testing wraps a wide variety of real-world applications, but it’s predominantly beneficial for significant usability and user-friendliness. If you were producing an eCommerce website, for example, you would want to look at objects like: 

  • The site has been augmented for a variation of browsers and devices.
  • Checkout is a breeze.
  • High-resolution photos that stack speedily                                                                                                                       
  • Social media channels’ links

Manual testing would involve checking the codes that propel each of these functions to certify they perform as envisioned by the customer. Manual testers can likewise comment on the website’s look and feel, scrutinizing it from the user’s viewpoint.

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How To Execute Manual Testing?

Like every other testing type – manual testing has certain requirements to follow. These are as stated as follows: 

  • Skim and comprehend the software project papers/directors.
  • Application Under Test (AUT) review if accessible.
  • Outline Test cases that wrap all the necessities mentioned in the papers.
  • Check and reference mark the test cases with Team Lead, Customer (as appropriate)
  • Implement the test cases on the AUT
  • Account bugs.
  • As soon as bugs are resolved, again complete the flunking test cases to authenticate they qualify.
Basics Involved Around Manual Testing

A QA expert completes tests one-by-one in a specific technique in manual testing. The objective of manual testing is to seize bugs and problems around the features before a software program or application goes live. All through the manual testing phase, the tester settles the important features of a software application. Specialists perfect test cases and progress swift error reports lacking devoted automation tools. This is an exceptionally hands-on type of testing. It needs keen analysts and QA engineers to be intricate in the whole procedure. Preliminary from the test case beginning to actual test implementation

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Time And Effort Requirements In Manual Testing

Afore to the release of any new application it has to be tested manually first. Manual software testing takes more time and effort, but it is required to determine whether automation is possible. Manual testing values do not require acquaintance with any testing device. However, a complete 100% Automation is not attainable articulates Software Testing Fundamentals. This necessitates manual testing.

Snapshot Of Manual Testing

Testing Aspects Manual
Test Execution Completed manually by QA testers
Test Effectiveness Overpowering & less effective
Types of Tasks Completely manual errands
Test Reporting & Coverage Tough to certify satisfactory test coverage

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Various Types Of Manual Testings

The following are the manual testing procedures used during the test life cycle:

Black Box Testing

This approach, also known as behavioral testing, tries to examine an application’s functioning from the perspective of the end-user. Because the core code structure is hidden during testing (thus the term “Black Box”), testers are only aware of the software’s anticipated inputs and outputs. Functional testing for requirement compliance, smoke testing to check basic functioning, and partitioning are all examples of black-box testing (dividing software into groups that are expected to exhibit similar behavior).

White Box Testing

This approach of examining the internal structures or workings of an application is also known as transparent box testing or structural testing. It is carried out by the developer, who examines the software’s internal codes before handing it on to a tester. White Box Testing is primarily concerned with enhancing security and improving the software’s design and usability. Whereas, the Gray Box Testing is a mixture of Black Box in addition to White Box testing.

Unit Testing

This is when the source code of an application’s constituent units or components are tested to ensure that each function works as planned. It’s frequently done by developers rather than engineers because it necessitates a thorough understanding of the internal program design and code.

Module testing

It is also known as component testing, simplifies the debugging system, and aids in the detection and prevention of defects in the future.

System Testing

After all the system’s components have been unit-tested and integrated, it’s time to test the system. It verifies that the entire application functions as expected by comparing it to the original requirements. Install ability testing (does the program install correctly?) is a common part of end-to-end testing. and resiliency testing (can the app recover from hardware problems and network outages?).

Integration Testing

The practice of evaluating an application having two or more integrating components is known as integration testing. It is carried out after the various components have been unit-tested, intending to identify issues with the interfaces and their interactions. The Bottom-Up Approach (going progressively from the bottom to the top module) and the Top-Down Approach are the two basic ways (the opposite).

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Acceptance Testing

The customer or end-user performs User Acceptance Testing (UAT) to ensure that the program fulfills the agreed-upon requirements. Pre-production testing, often known as beta testing, occurs in the last stages before a product is released to the market. UAT is an example of functional testing, and acceptance testing kinds include Alpha (conducted within the company) and Beta (conducted outside the organization) (where the application is released to a limited market to generate user feedback).

Numerous Types Of Tools Used In Manual Testing

A broad range of applications may be utilized to improve the manual testing process and, as a result, have a substantial beneficial influence on the productive outcomes. We’ll look at several of them below, which have been categorized by the regions in which they’re most successful.


Are you looking for a nice and precise way to organize all your test materials? On the primary pilot, this is predictable to exertion. You may accomplish everything and, if essential, mature extra test plans or suites with this device. It may be seamlessly linked with a variety of third-party applications to deliver accurate reporting results.


Zephyr makes spreadsheets obsolete, especially when used with Jira. It improves the visibility of the test findings by providing a well-organized layout design that is suited for most types of construction.


When used in conjunction with Jira, Zephyr effectively replaces spreadsheets. It makes the test findings more visible by providing a well-organized layout design that is suited for most project kinds.


Before it became an artefact and a firm, this was the invention of Frog Creek Software. It is well-recognized for its flexible project organization and outstanding setback pursuing. Testers are given the ability to generate issues on a board using an easy-to-use configuration that can be fine-tuned further utilizing some complex automation rules. This utility comes with a PC version and a free mobile app with limited features.


Without a doubt, one of the most well-known firms for monitoring program bugs, Jira is also a powerful management tool due to its pleasant and versatile architecture, which includes customized features. Jira is simple to use, but it may also be complicated, depending on the person and the style of operation.

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Come And Test With QATrail

The voyage from manual testing to totally functional incessant testing in DevOps needs a determination, strategy, and schedule. Luckily, there are ground-breaking solutions that can provide you to effortlessly defeat any sort of testing trial. One of the foremost solutions is connecting with testing experts at QATrail. This tool authorizes you to achieve continuous testing and also harness test automation to transport better user experiences. This tool involves the following aspects, such as:

  • Cloud testing lab
  • Test structure
  • Test implementation
  • Smart inspection
  • Visualize vital data
  • Better communication
  • Advance link
  • Less data repetition
  • Upsurge test coverage
  • Programmed test creation
  • Automated system
  • Line up test cases and test runs
  • Agile reportage and pursuing

QATrail is your one-stop studio for mechanizing your manual testing short of forfeiting quality or product image. Additionally, this test automation agenda has been vexed and verified internationally with improved outcomes and a remarkable error-free format. You will get courtesy analysis and also a dedicated POC to perceive and trail the testing abilities of the tool in an incessant method. It is time to speedily widen your testing milieu with QATrail’s computerized test framework and let uniform productivity with quick proclamation and transport of products or applications. 

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